Site-directed mutagenesis was used to replace His-163 in the Loop 1 region of the recA protein with a tryptophan residue. The [H163W]recA protein binds single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), catalyzes ssDNA-dependent ATP hydrolysis, and is fully active in the three-strand exchange reaction. In addition, the fluorescence properties of the Trp-163 reporter group are very sensitive to the binding of nucleotide cofactors to the [H163W]recA-ssDNA complex. The fluorescence of Trp-163 is modestly quenched by the binding of ADP (21%) and strongly quenched by the nonhydrolyzable ATP analog, ATPγS (70%); since ADP and ATPγS stabilize the closed and open conformations of the recA-ssDNA complex, respectively, the quenched states observed with these nucleotides likely reflect differences in the fluorescence properties of tryptophan 163 in these two states. ATP has a more complex time-dependent effect on Trp-163 fluorescence. When ATP is added to [H163W]recA-ssDNA complexes, there is an immediate quenching of Trp-163 fluorescence (44%) which is intermediate in intensity between that observed with ADP and ATPγS. The ATP-induced quenching gradually decreases with time as the pool of ATP is converted to ADP by the ATP hydrolysis activity of the [H163W]recA protein. These results are discussed with regard to the nucleotide cofactor-dependent conformational transitions of the recA-ssDNA complex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology