Objective: To test the hypothesis that implementation of a marked reduction in intravenous fat will result in reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in infants. Study design: Prospective study of intravenous fat emulsion reduction in parenteral nutrition to 1 g/kg/d 2 times per week in neonates diagnosed with PNALD. Primary outcome measure was total bilirubin levels compared with gestational age, birth weight, and diagnosis-matched historical controls receiving 3 g/kg/d of intravenous lipids. Results: Intravenous fat emulsion reduction resulted in a significant decline in total bilirubin levels compared with controls. Comparison of growth in the 2 groups was similar. Mild essential fatty acid deficiency was detected in 8 of 31 infants and was reversed with additional days of lipid infusion. No significant adverse events were noted. Conclusions: An association between intravenous lipid emulsion administration and the development of PNALD seems probable. Use of intravenous fat emulsion reduction is a potential approach to reverse PNALD in young infants. Frequent monitoring of essential fatty acid deficiency is needed with the use of this regimen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health