Intravascular microaggregation and in vitro platelet aggregation in coronary artery disease

J. A. Ware, J. K. Horak, R. Bolli, V. S. Mathur, G. A. Massumi, R. T. Solis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To investigate in vivo and in vitro microaggregation in coronary artery disease, we obtained blood samples from the coronary sinus (CS), pulmonary artery (PA), and aorta (AO) in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. An electronic particle size analyzer was used to quantify microaggregates 13 to 81 μ in diameter in blood. In the first group of 58 patients, preformed circulating microaggregates and platelet responsiveness to ADP were assessed in AO and PA blood only. The coronary artery disease patients did not have significantly higher volumes of preformed in vivo aggregates in either AO or PA blood. However, the mean aggregate size in response to 0.2μM ADP in vitro was larger in both AO and PA blood in patients with coronary disease [12.4 ± 0.9 vs. 9.4 ± 1.4 ×103 μ3 (AO); 12.5 ± 0.9 vs. 8.3 ± 0.7 0.7 ×103 μ3 (PA)]. In a second group of 46 patients, CS, AO and PA samples were compared using the same methods. The volume of microaggregates preformed in vivo was significantly greater in CS blood than in PA or AO blood in patients with and without coronary disease. The volume and mean size of aggregates induced by ADP in vitro were smaller in CS blood compared to PA. In conclusion, the volume of in vivo microaggregates is increased in CS blood, independent of coronary disease, but significant volumes are not found in PA or AO blood. Patients with coronary disease have more reactive platelets to in vitro aggregatory agents in AO and PA samples of similar hematocrit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis research
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1984

Keywords

  • Platelet aggregation
  • coronary artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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