Titration therapy with intratympanic gentamicin offers class A or B control of vertigo in 87% (range, 75%-100%) of patients with unilateral Ménière's disease. The risk of additional hearing loss is about 21% (range, 0-37%) . Vertigo may recur, however, in nearly one third of patients over time. These recurrences can also be treated by intratympanic gentamicin with a similar risk of hearing loss. The salient effect of intratympanic gentamicin is probably the reduction of vestibular function through damage to hair cells, but a complete ablation of function does not seem to be necessary for vertigo control.
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