Objective. To assess the use of intraoperative sonography for localization of breast masses at excisional biopsy, with specimen and surgical bed sonography to confirm excision. Methods. A computer search of the 5-year period from January 1993 through January 1998 revealed 138 consecutive women referred for sonographically guided excisional biopsy of 148 masses; 35 masses were excluded because they had no postoperative mammograms. One hundred thirteen masses constituted the study group. Specimen sonography (n = 60) or surgical bed sonography (n = 53) was performed as the initial evaluation to confirm excision, but ultimately, surgical bed sonography may have been necessary after specimen sonography, and specimen sonography may have been necessary after surgical bed sonography. The miss rates determined by postoperative imaging were calculated for each group and compared with those of mammographically guided needle localization series from the literature. Results. Follow-up physical examination and mammography showed no residual mass in the region of surgery in any patient. However, follow-up sonography had 1 miss in the initial specimen sonogram group (1 [1.7%] of 60) and 1 miss in the initial surgical bed group (1 [1.9%] of 53). As shown by the Fisher exact test, there was no significant difference between the miss rates of the 2 initial methods of confirming lesion excision or between the miss rates of these initial methods, both groups combined, and 6 mammographic localization series from the literature. Conclusion. Intraoperative breast sonography, using specimen sonography and scanning the surgical bed, has miss rates comparable with those of mammographic needle localization. Follow-up sonography must be performed if there is any doubt of complete excision.
- Breast neoplasms, localization
- Breast neoplasms, sonography
- Sonography, intraoperative
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging