Purpose: Dynamic dosimetry is becoming the standard to evaluate the quality of radioactive implants during brachytherapy. For this, it is essential to obtain a 3D visualization of the implanted seeds and their relative position to the prostate. A method was developed to obtain a robust and precise segmentation of seeds in C-arm images, and this approach was tested using clinical datasets.
Method: A region-based implicit active contour approach was used to delineate implanted seeds. Then, a template-based matching was employed to segment iodine implants whereas a K-means algorithm is implemented to resolve palladium seed clusters. To validate the method, 55 C-arm images from 10 patients were used for the segmentation of iodine sources, whereas 225 C-arm images from 16 patients were used for the palladium case.
Results: Compared to manual ground truth segmentation of 6,002 iodine seeds and 15,354 palladium seeds, 98.7 % of iodine sources were automatically detected and declustered showing a false-positive rate of only 1.7 %. A total of 98.7 % of palladium sources were automatically detected and declustered with a false-positive rate of only 2.0 %.
Conclusion: An automated segmentation method was developed that is able to perform the identification and annotation processes of seeds on par with a human expert. This method was shown to be robust and suitable for integration in the dynamic dosimetry workflow of prostate brachytherapy interventions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery|
|State||Published - Sep 28 2014|
- C-arm fluoroscopy
- Iodine implants
- Palladium implants
- Radioactive seeds
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Health Informatics