Intraoperative microelectrode and semi-microelectrode recording during the physiological localization of the thalamic nucleus ventral intermediate

Ira Garonzik, Sherwin E. Hua, Shinji Ohara, Frederick Lenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We review the techniques of physiological localization of the site for ventralis intermedius (Vim) thalamotomy or implantation of Vim-deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment of parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremor. Both microelectrode and semi-microelectrode techniques are reviewed. We believe the use of microelectrode and semi-microelectrode recordings in combination with Radiological landmarks provide the most accurate localization of the target. In addition to recording, microstimulation of subcortical structures such as Vim and thalamic nucleus ventralis caudal through the microelectrode may improve physiological identification by altering the tremor and evoking somatic sensations, respectively. Microelectrode recording provides the highest resolution picture of the target site at a cost of increased time to locate the target. We also review the relationship between thalamic neuronal firing and electromyographic activity during tremor. Implications of these results for the mechanisms for parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremors are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMovement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Volume17
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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Ventral Thalamic Nuclei
Microelectrodes
Tremor
Essential Tremor
Thalamic Nuclei
Deep Brain Stimulation
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Microelectrode
  • Thalamus
  • Tremor
  • Ventral intermediate nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "We review the techniques of physiological localization of the site for ventralis intermedius (Vim) thalamotomy or implantation of Vim-deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment of parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremor. Both microelectrode and semi-microelectrode techniques are reviewed. We believe the use of microelectrode and semi-microelectrode recordings in combination with Radiological landmarks provide the most accurate localization of the target. In addition to recording, microstimulation of subcortical structures such as Vim and thalamic nucleus ventralis caudal through the microelectrode may improve physiological identification by altering the tremor and evoking somatic sensations, respectively. Microelectrode recording provides the highest resolution picture of the target site at a cost of increased time to locate the target. We also review the relationship between thalamic neuronal firing and electromyographic activity during tremor. Implications of these results for the mechanisms for parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremors are discussed.",
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AU - Garonzik, Ira

AU - Hua, Sherwin E.

AU - Ohara, Shinji

AU - Lenz, Frederick

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N2 - We review the techniques of physiological localization of the site for ventralis intermedius (Vim) thalamotomy or implantation of Vim-deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment of parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremor. Both microelectrode and semi-microelectrode techniques are reviewed. We believe the use of microelectrode and semi-microelectrode recordings in combination with Radiological landmarks provide the most accurate localization of the target. In addition to recording, microstimulation of subcortical structures such as Vim and thalamic nucleus ventralis caudal through the microelectrode may improve physiological identification by altering the tremor and evoking somatic sensations, respectively. Microelectrode recording provides the highest resolution picture of the target site at a cost of increased time to locate the target. We also review the relationship between thalamic neuronal firing and electromyographic activity during tremor. Implications of these results for the mechanisms for parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremors are discussed.

AB - We review the techniques of physiological localization of the site for ventralis intermedius (Vim) thalamotomy or implantation of Vim-deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment of parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremor. Both microelectrode and semi-microelectrode techniques are reviewed. We believe the use of microelectrode and semi-microelectrode recordings in combination with Radiological landmarks provide the most accurate localization of the target. In addition to recording, microstimulation of subcortical structures such as Vim and thalamic nucleus ventralis caudal through the microelectrode may improve physiological identification by altering the tremor and evoking somatic sensations, respectively. Microelectrode recording provides the highest resolution picture of the target site at a cost of increased time to locate the target. We also review the relationship between thalamic neuronal firing and electromyographic activity during tremor. Implications of these results for the mechanisms for parkinsonian, essential, and intention tremors are discussed.

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