Since its introduction as a diagnostic instrument, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an essential instrument for ophthalmologists as it offers accurate details on both the vitreoretinal interface and the retinal layers. Initially designed as a pre- and post-operative instrument, today we are attending to its introduction as an intraoperative tool. Inspired by the intravascular use of the OCT, we developed a prototype spectral domain OCT probe for intraocular use. It is therefore possible to make dynamic real-time scans from the vitreous and retina at the posterior pole and in the peripheral retina. This type of endo-OCT may therefore help surgeons during surgical procedures, making them safer and more accurate.
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