Intraluminal peptide YY induces colonic absorption in vivo

Carson D. Liu, Todd R. Newton, Michael J. Zinner, Stanley W. Ashley, David W. McFadden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Peptide YY (PYY) is a 36 amino acid hormone released into the circulation and lumen of the intestine after a meal. Previous studies have shown that exogenous administration of intravenous PYY stimulates water and electrolyte absorption in both the small and large intestines. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intraluminal administration of PYY on colonic absorption of electrolytes and water. METHODS: Six conditioned 25-kg dogs had 20 cm of colonic Thiry-Vella fistulae surgically constructed under general anesthesia. After a two-week recovery period, the animals received intraluminal PYY at 600 pmol/kg/hour after a 90- minute steady-state basal period. The Thiry-Vella fistulae were perfused with an isotonic buffer solution containing [14C]polyethylene glycol as a volume marker. Ion and water transport were measured every 15 minutes. RESULTS: On intraluminal infusion of PYY, increased absorption of water, sodium, and chloride was observed in the colon. A twofold increase in absorption rates occurred compared with basal rates lasting more than one hour after cessation of intraluminal PYY (N = 6; P < 0.05 vs. basal by analysis of variance). CONCLUSION: PYY-secreting cells of the colon may contribute to the regulation of absorption after a meal. Exogenous administration of intraluminal PYY may also be a therapeutic treatment modality for malabsorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-482
Number of pages5
JournalDiseases of the colon and rectum
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997

Keywords

  • Colon absorption
  • Intraluminal
  • Peptide YY
  • Thiry-Vella fistula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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