Intralesional Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Immunotherapy of Canine Venereal Tumors1

Allan D. Hess, Rose Catchatourian, Axel R. Zander, Robert B. Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Canine transmissible venereal tumors were studied for response to intralesional Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy. Six pairs of littermates, identical for the major histocompatibility complex, were evaluated. One member of each pair received intralesional BCG to one of two growing tumors. Lesions of control animals received 0.9% NaCl solution. Both injected and noninjected lesions of BCG-treated animals underwent regression within 63 days, as compared to an extended period of tumor growth (beyond 100 days) for controls (p < 0.05). Serial in vitro assays during therapy included: (a) mixed lymphocyte-tumor culture, (b) phytohemagglutinin stimulation, and (c) assessment of lymphocyte surface markers. Lymphocytes from BCG-treated dogs were significantly more responsive to tumor cells in mixed lymphocyte-tumor culture assay than were those from controls (p < 0.05). Maximal responses occurred during tumor regression. T- and B-Iymphocyte levels as assayed by rosette formation and surface marker immunoglobulins were not influenced by BCG therapy. It was concluded that intralesional BCG therapy of canine venereal tumors was highly effective in causing regression of injected and noninjected lesions. This tumor model system may be useful for the evaluation of the effectiveness of new immunotherapeutic approaches on established neoplasms in large, randomly bred animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3990-3994
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume37
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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