We report an intracranial leiomyosarcoma in the pontine cistern of a 34-year-old woman infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The clinical, radiological and pathological data are reviewed. The tumor was Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive by in situ hybridization. This case emphasizes that smooth muscle neoplasms arising in the setting of immunocompromise can occur intracranially, and corroborates a hypothesis that EBV coinfection may have a role in development of these tumors.
- Brain, neoplasms
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine