Intracerebral infusion of TNF-α and IL-6 failed to activate latent SIV infection in the brains of macaques inoculated with macrophage-tropic neuroadapted SIV(mac)

S. V. Joag, R. J. Adams, D. M. Pinson, I. Adany, O. Narayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lymphocyte-tropic (L-tropic) SIV(mac) predictably causes immunosuppression and AIDS in rhesus macaques. SIV encephalitis, on the other hand, is caused mainly by macrophage-tropic (M-tropic) SIV(mac). We have previously described the derivation of M-tropic, neuroadapted SIV(mac) from molecularly cloned, L-tropic SIV(mac)239. In this report we show that inoculation of four macaques with neuroadapted virus resulted in L-tropic SIV(mac)-related diseases in all four but neurological disease in only two of the four animals. Because cocultivation of infected macrophages with CD4+ lymphocytes results in production of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6, we asked whether infiltration of supernatant fluids containing these cytokines into the brains of macaques infected with neuroadapted virus would enhance the development of neurological disease. These procedures failed to promote productive virus replication in the brain. Thus, although different degrees of immunosuppression and AIDS could be induced predictably with L-tropic virus, induction of neurological disease was not predictable even when animals were inoculated with neuroadapted M-tropic virus and inflammatory cytokines were infiltrated into the brains of these animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-357
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • AIDS dementia
  • encep halitis
  • immunodeficiency
  • macrophage
  • monkey
  • neuroinvasion
  • neurovirulence
  • tropism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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