Changes in the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, mediate excitation-contraction coupling in the heart and contribute to cellular injury during ischemia and reperfusion. To study these processes directly, we measured [Ca2+]i in perfused ferret (Mustela putorius furo) hearts using 19F NMR spectroscopy to detect the 5,5'-difluoro derivative of the Ca2+ chelator 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA). To load cells, hearts were perfused with the acetoxymethyl ester derivative of 5,5'-F2-BAPTA. We measured 19F NMR spectra and left ventricular pressure simultaneously, at rest and during pacing at various external Ca concentrations [( Ca]o). Although contractile force was attenuated by the Ca2+ buffering properties of 5,5'-F2-BAPTA, the decrease in pressure could be overcome by raising [Ca]o. Our mean value of 104 nM for [Ca2+]i at rest in the perfused heart agrees well with previous measurements in isolated ventricular muscle. During pacing at 0.6-4 Hz, time-averaged [Ca2+]i increased; the effect of pacing was augmented by increasing [Ca]o. [Ca2+]i more than tripled during 10-20 min of global ischemia, and returned toward control levels upon reperfusion. This approach promises to be particularly useful in investigating the physiology of intact hearts and the pathophysiology of alterations in the coronary circulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Aug 1987|
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