We hypothesized that combined femoral-sciatic nerve block (FSNB) offers better analgesia with fewer side effects than intraarticular infiltration (IA) in children undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Thirty-six children undergoing ACL reconstruction were randomized to FSNB or IA. FSNB patients had FSNB with bupivacaine (0.125%)-clonidine (2 μg/kg), whereas IA patients received bupivacaine (0.25%)-clonidine (1 μg/kg)-morphine (5 mg). Postoperatively, analgesia was provided with patient-controlled analgesia and rescue morphine. Patient demographics were similar. FSNB patients required less intraoperative fentanyl (50 ± 40 μg versus 80 ± 50 μg P = 0.04). Visual analog scale score for FSNB was smaller than IA in the recovery room (1.8 ± 3 versus 5.4 ± 3; P = 0.0002) and during the first 24 h (1.6 ± 1 versus 2.9 ± 2; P = 0.01)). FSNB morphine use in the first 18 h was less (7 ± 13 mg versus 21 ± 21 mg; P = 0.03). Fewer FSNB patients vomited (11% versus 50%; P = 0.03). IA patients required morphine patient-controlled analgesia sooner. After ACL reconstruction in children, FSNB with bupivacaine-clonidine provides better analgesia with fewer side effects than IA with bupivacaine-clonidine-morphine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - Nov 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine