Intra-session test-retest reliability of magnitude and structure of center of pressure from the Nintendo Wii Balance Board™ for a visually impaired and normally sighted population

Pamela E. Jeter, Jiangxia Wang, Jialiang Gu, Michael P. Barry, Crystal Roach, Marilyn Corson, Lindsay Yang, Gislin Dagnelie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

•Reliability of the Wii Balance Board was evaluated for blind and normally sighted.•Center of pressure and Approximate Entropy had moderate to very high reliability.•COP scores increased with the difficulty of condition indicating WBB sensitivity.•Absolute reliability was comparable across groups.•The Wii Balance Board was found to be a practical tool for screening balance. Individuals with visual impairment (VI) have irreparable damage to one of the input streams contributing to postural stability. Here, we evaluated the intra-session test-retest reliability of the Wii Balance Board (WBB) for measuring Center of Pressure (COP) magnitude and structure, i.e. approximate entropy (ApEn) in fourteen legally blind participants and 21 participants with corrected-to-normal vision. Participants completed a validated balance protocol which included four sensory conditions: double-leg standing on a firm surface with eyes open (EO-firm); a firm surface with eyes closed (EC-firm); a foam surface with EO (EO-foam); and a foam surface with EC (EC-foam). Participants performed the full balance protocol twice during the session, separated by a period of 15. min, to determine the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Absolute reliability was determined by the standard error of measurement (SEM). The minimal difference (MD) was estimated to determine clinical significance for future studies. COP measures were derived from data sent by the WBB to a laptop via Bluetooth. COP scores increased with the difficulty of sensory condition indicating WBB sensitivity (all p<. 0.01). ICCs in the VI group ranged from 0.73 to 0.95, indicating high to very high correlations, and the normal group showed moderate to very high ICCs (0.62-0.94). The SEM was comparable between groups regardless of between-subject variability. The reliability of the WBB makes it practical to screen for balance impairment among VI persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-487
Number of pages6
JournalGait and Posture
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Approximate entropy
  • Center of pressure
  • Reliability
  • Vision impairment
  • Wii Balance Board

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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