Intimate partner violence and the childbearing year: Maternal and infant health consequences

Phyllis W. Sharps, Kathryn Laughon, Sandra K. Giangrande

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health problem with negative physical and mental health consequences. Pregnant women are not immune to IPV, and as many as 4% to 8% of all pregnant women are victims of partner violence. Among pregnant women, IPV has been associated with poor physical health outcomes such as increased sexually transmitted diseases, preterm labor, and low-birth-weight infants. This article focuses on the physical health consequences of IPV for mothers and their infants. The purpose of this review is therefore to examine timely research ranging from 2001 to 2006 on IPV during pregnancy, the morbidity and mortality risks for mothers and their infants, and the association between IPV and perinatal health disparities. It will also identify gaps in the published empirical literature and make recommendations for practice, policy, and research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalTrauma, Violence, and Abuse
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Keywords

  • Battered women
  • Infant health
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Postpartum
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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