Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda

Robert Kairania, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, Jennifer Wagman, Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, Richard Musoke, David Serwadda, Nelson K. Sewankambo, John Semanda, Joseph Sembatya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Individuals who communicate their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners may be at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors examined past year self-reported IPV associated with communication of HIV diagnosis and other factors, in a sample of 679 sexually active; HIV-positive individuals age 18 to 49, who received HIV results and posttest counselling 12 months or more prior to the survey in Rakai, Uganda, using log-binomial multivariable regression. The rates of verbal and physical abuse among married individuals were significantly higher compared to unmarried persons, respectively. Physical abuse was significantly higher among women compared to men. IPV was not significantly associated with communication of HIV diagnosis. Interventions to prevent IPV among married HIV-positive individuals particularly women, at the community level, are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-281
Number of pages10
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2015

Keywords

  • Intimate partner violence
  • communication of HIV diagnosis
  • physical abuse
  • verbal abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Kairania, R., Gray, R. H., Wawer, M. J., Wagman, J., Kigozi, G., Nalugoda, F., Musoke, R., Serwadda, D., Sewankambo, N. K., Semanda, J., & Sembatya, J. (2015). Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda. Social Work in Public Health, 30(3), 272-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2014.994726