Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda

Robert Kairania, Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Jennifer Wagman, Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, Richard Musoke, David Serwadda, Nelson K. Sewankambo, John Semanda, Joseph Sembatya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Individuals who communicate their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners may be at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors examined past year self-reported IPV associated with communication of HIV diagnosis and other factors, in a sample of 679 sexually active; HIV-positive individuals age 18 to 49, who received HIV results and posttest counselling 12 months or more prior to the survey in Rakai, Uganda, using log-binomial multivariable regression. The rates of verbal and physical abuse among married individuals were significantly higher compared to unmarried persons, respectively. Physical abuse was significantly higher among women compared to men. IPV was not significantly associated with communication of HIV diagnosis. Interventions to prevent IPV among married HIV-positive individuals particularly women, at the community level, are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-281
Number of pages10
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2015

Fingerprint

Uganda
Interpersonal Relations
HIV
violence
communication
abuse
Communication
counseling
Sexual Partners
regression
human being
Intimate Partner Violence
Counseling
community

Keywords

  • communication of HIV diagnosis
  • Intimate partner violence
  • physical abuse
  • verbal abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda. / Kairania, Robert; Gray, Ronald H; Wawer, Maria J; Wagman, Jennifer; Kigozi, Godfrey; Nalugoda, Fred; Musoke, Richard; Serwadda, David; Sewankambo, Nelson K.; Semanda, John; Sembatya, Joseph.

In: Social Work in Public Health, Vol. 30, No. 3, 16.04.2015, p. 272-281.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kairania, R, Gray, RH, Wawer, MJ, Wagman, J, Kigozi, G, Nalugoda, F, Musoke, R, Serwadda, D, Sewankambo, NK, Semanda, J & Sembatya, J 2015, 'Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda', Social Work in Public Health, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 272-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2014.994726
Kairania, Robert ; Gray, Ronald H ; Wawer, Maria J ; Wagman, Jennifer ; Kigozi, Godfrey ; Nalugoda, Fred ; Musoke, Richard ; Serwadda, David ; Sewankambo, Nelson K. ; Semanda, John ; Sembatya, Joseph. / Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda. In: Social Work in Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 272-281.
@article{54df03db04c0435eb506051ba12b12fa,
title = "Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda",
abstract = "Individuals who communicate their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners may be at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors examined past year self-reported IPV associated with communication of HIV diagnosis and other factors, in a sample of 679 sexually active; HIV-positive individuals age 18 to 49, who received HIV results and posttest counselling 12 months or more prior to the survey in Rakai, Uganda, using log-binomial multivariable regression. The rates of verbal and physical abuse among married individuals were significantly higher compared to unmarried persons, respectively. Physical abuse was significantly higher among women compared to men. IPV was not significantly associated with communication of HIV diagnosis. Interventions to prevent IPV among married HIV-positive individuals particularly women, at the community level, are needed.",
keywords = "communication of HIV diagnosis, Intimate partner violence, physical abuse, verbal abuse",
author = "Robert Kairania and Gray, {Ronald H} and Wawer, {Maria J} and Jennifer Wagman and Godfrey Kigozi and Fred Nalugoda and Richard Musoke and David Serwadda and Sewankambo, {Nelson K.} and John Semanda and Joseph Sembatya",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1080/19371918.2014.994726",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "272--281",
journal = "Social Work in Public Health",
issn = "1937-1918",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intimate partner violence and communication of HIV diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda

AU - Kairania, Robert

AU - Gray, Ronald H

AU - Wawer, Maria J

AU - Wagman, Jennifer

AU - Kigozi, Godfrey

AU - Nalugoda, Fred

AU - Musoke, Richard

AU - Serwadda, David

AU - Sewankambo, Nelson K.

AU - Semanda, John

AU - Sembatya, Joseph

PY - 2015/4/16

Y1 - 2015/4/16

N2 - Individuals who communicate their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners may be at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors examined past year self-reported IPV associated with communication of HIV diagnosis and other factors, in a sample of 679 sexually active; HIV-positive individuals age 18 to 49, who received HIV results and posttest counselling 12 months or more prior to the survey in Rakai, Uganda, using log-binomial multivariable regression. The rates of verbal and physical abuse among married individuals were significantly higher compared to unmarried persons, respectively. Physical abuse was significantly higher among women compared to men. IPV was not significantly associated with communication of HIV diagnosis. Interventions to prevent IPV among married HIV-positive individuals particularly women, at the community level, are needed.

AB - Individuals who communicate their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners may be at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors examined past year self-reported IPV associated with communication of HIV diagnosis and other factors, in a sample of 679 sexually active; HIV-positive individuals age 18 to 49, who received HIV results and posttest counselling 12 months or more prior to the survey in Rakai, Uganda, using log-binomial multivariable regression. The rates of verbal and physical abuse among married individuals were significantly higher compared to unmarried persons, respectively. Physical abuse was significantly higher among women compared to men. IPV was not significantly associated with communication of HIV diagnosis. Interventions to prevent IPV among married HIV-positive individuals particularly women, at the community level, are needed.

KW - communication of HIV diagnosis

KW - Intimate partner violence

KW - physical abuse

KW - verbal abuse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926516090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926516090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/19371918.2014.994726

DO - 10.1080/19371918.2014.994726

M3 - Article

C2 - 25751453

AN - SCOPUS:84926516090

VL - 30

SP - 272

EP - 281

JO - Social Work in Public Health

JF - Social Work in Public Health

SN - 1937-1918

IS - 3

ER -