Intestinal mucins inhibit rotavirus replication in an oligosaccharide-dependent manner

Robert H Yolken, Clem Ojeh, Ismat A. Khatri, Umadevi Sajjan, Janet F. Forstner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rotaviruses are important causes of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. It has been previously shown that mucinous glycoproteins can inhibit rotavirus replication. However, the structure-function relationships of this inhibition have not been completely elucidated. Mucins were purified from epithelial scrapings of rat and human intestine by CsCI density-gradient ultracentrifugation and tested for the inhibition of rotavirus replication in MA-I04 cells. Native human and rat intestinal mucins inhibited the replication of human and animal rotaviruses at low concentrations. Antiviral activity was most prominent in the densely glycosylated part of the rat and human mucins. Activity was retained after thiol reduction and alkylation, chloroform methanol partition, and partial removal of oligosaccharides. However, total deglycosylation of the mucins destroyed antiviral activity. Intestinal mucins from humans and other animals are potent inhibitors of rotavirus replication, and this inhibition is dependent on specific mucin-viral interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1002-1006
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume169
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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Rotavirus
Mucins
Oligosaccharides
Antiviral Agents
Ultracentrifugation
Alkylation
Infant Mortality
Chloroform
Population Groups
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Intestines
Methanol
Glycoproteins
Morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Intestinal mucins inhibit rotavirus replication in an oligosaccharide-dependent manner. / Yolken, Robert H; Ojeh, Clem; Khatri, Ismat A.; Sajjan, Umadevi; Forstner, Janet F.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 169, No. 5, 1994, p. 1002-1006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yolken, Robert H ; Ojeh, Clem ; Khatri, Ismat A. ; Sajjan, Umadevi ; Forstner, Janet F. / Intestinal mucins inhibit rotavirus replication in an oligosaccharide-dependent manner. In: Journal of Infectious Diseases. 1994 ; Vol. 169, No. 5. pp. 1002-1006.
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