Interventions to address HIV and intimate partner violence in sub-saharan Africa: A review of the literature

Jocelyn C. Anderson, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Jason Farley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV) are commonly co-occurring epidemics affecting the health of women globally and especially in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need for interventions that address both HIV and IPV in health care settings. Our review examined recent literature for intervention studies that explored both HIV and IPV. Of the nine interventions identified, only two were set in health care settings; the remainder were community based. Large multifaceted community-based interventions showed promise in the areas of addressing social norms in order to empower women. Educational interventions have shown short-term improvements in HIV-related knowledge and behavioral intention. Further research is needed to examine brief screening, intervention, and referral for HIV and IPV services within health care settings. Health care-specific interventions such as use of preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission must also be studied in the context of IPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Africa South of the Sahara
HIV
Delivery of Health Care
Women's Health
Intimate Partner Violence
Referral and Consultation
Research

Keywords

  • Gender-based violence
  • HIV
  • Intervention
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

@article{2ea09fbc7ff54b7ab15d7de4327c12cc,
title = "Interventions to address HIV and intimate partner violence in sub-saharan Africa: A review of the literature",
abstract = "HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV) are commonly co-occurring epidemics affecting the health of women globally and especially in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need for interventions that address both HIV and IPV in health care settings. Our review examined recent literature for intervention studies that explored both HIV and IPV. Of the nine interventions identified, only two were set in health care settings; the remainder were community based. Large multifaceted community-based interventions showed promise in the areas of addressing social norms in order to empower women. Educational interventions have shown short-term improvements in HIV-related knowledge and behavioral intention. Further research is needed to examine brief screening, intervention, and referral for HIV and IPV services within health care settings. Health care-specific interventions such as use of preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission must also be studied in the context of IPV.",
keywords = "Gender-based violence, HIV, Intervention, Intimate partner violence, Sub-Saharan Africa",
author = "Anderson, {Jocelyn C.} and Campbell, {Jacquelyn C} and Jason Farley",
year = "2013",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jana.2013.03.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "383--390",
journal = "Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care",
issn = "1055-3290",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interventions to address HIV and intimate partner violence in sub-saharan Africa

T2 - A review of the literature

AU - Anderson, Jocelyn C.

AU - Campbell, Jacquelyn C

AU - Farley, Jason

PY - 2013/7

Y1 - 2013/7

N2 - HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV) are commonly co-occurring epidemics affecting the health of women globally and especially in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need for interventions that address both HIV and IPV in health care settings. Our review examined recent literature for intervention studies that explored both HIV and IPV. Of the nine interventions identified, only two were set in health care settings; the remainder were community based. Large multifaceted community-based interventions showed promise in the areas of addressing social norms in order to empower women. Educational interventions have shown short-term improvements in HIV-related knowledge and behavioral intention. Further research is needed to examine brief screening, intervention, and referral for HIV and IPV services within health care settings. Health care-specific interventions such as use of preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission must also be studied in the context of IPV.

AB - HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV) are commonly co-occurring epidemics affecting the health of women globally and especially in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need for interventions that address both HIV and IPV in health care settings. Our review examined recent literature for intervention studies that explored both HIV and IPV. Of the nine interventions identified, only two were set in health care settings; the remainder were community based. Large multifaceted community-based interventions showed promise in the areas of addressing social norms in order to empower women. Educational interventions have shown short-term improvements in HIV-related knowledge and behavioral intention. Further research is needed to examine brief screening, intervention, and referral for HIV and IPV services within health care settings. Health care-specific interventions such as use of preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission must also be studied in the context of IPV.

KW - Gender-based violence

KW - HIV

KW - Intervention

KW - Intimate partner violence

KW - Sub-Saharan Africa

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84879254639&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84879254639&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jana.2013.03.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jana.2013.03.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 23790280

AN - SCOPUS:84879254639

VL - 24

SP - 383

EP - 390

JO - Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care

JF - Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care

SN - 1055-3290

IS - 4

ER -