Interventions for older persons reporting memory difficulties: A randomized controlled pilot study

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Rinat Cohen, Linda Buettner, Nitza Eyal, Hanna Jakobovits, George Rebok, Shlomit Rotenberg-Shpigelman, Shelley Sternberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The objective of this study is to compare three different interventions for persons who report memory difficulties: health promotion, cognitive training, and a participation-centered course, using a single-blind, randomized controlled design. Methods Participants were 44 Israeli adults with memory complaints, aged 65years or older. The main outcome variable was the Global Cognitive Score assessed using the MindStreams® mild cognitive impairment assessment, a computerized cognitive assessment. The Mini-Mental State Examination and the self-report of memory difficulties were also utilized. To assess well-being, the UCLA Loneliness Scale-8 was used. Health was evaluated by self-report instruments. Results All three interventions resulted in significant improvement in cognitive function as measured by the computerized cognitive assessment. All approaches seemed to decrease loneliness. The only variable which showed a significant difference among the groups is the self-report of memory difficulties, in which the cognitive training group participants reported greater improvement than the other groups. Conclusion Multiple approaches should be offered to older persons with memory complaints. The availability of diverse options would help fit the needs of a heterogeneous population. An educational media effort to promote the public's understanding of the efficacy of these multiple approaches is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-486
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of geriatric psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Israel
  • cognition
  • intervention studies
  • loneliness
  • memory
  • older persons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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