Interstitial fibrosis may increase resistance to collateral flow (Rcoll) because of decreased lung volume and destruction of collateral channels or it may decrease Rcoll because of emphysematous changes around fibrotic regions. In addition, if interstitial fibrosis involves a small region of lung periphery, inter-dependence from surrounding unaffected lung should produce relatively large changes in volume of the fibrotic region during lung inflation. We studied the effects of interstitial fibrosis on collateral airflow by measuring Rcoll at functional residual capacity (FRC) in nine mongrel dogs before and 28 days after the local instillation of bleomycin into selected lung segments. In six of these dogs Rcoll was also measured at a higher lung volume (transpulmonary pressure = 12 cmH2O above FRC pressure). Rcoll increased in fibrotic lung segments following local treatment with bleomycin. With lung inflation (high transpulmonary pressure) Rcoll fell a similar proportion in fibrotic and nonfibrotic lung regions. These observations suggest that collateral resistance increases in fibrotic segments because lung volume decreases or because collateral pathways are involved directly in the fibrotic process. Compensatory increases in collateral communications do not occur. In addition, pulmonary interdependence does not cause disproportionate increases in volume and decreases in Rcoll of the fibrotic region during lung inflation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation