Interrelation between psychiatric disorders and the prevention and treatment of HIV infection

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Abstract

Psychiatric disorders, particularly major depression, have a profound affect on the use of and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Because some of the symptoms of HIV infection are similar to those of major depression, efforts to diagnose and treat major depression are further complicated. Moreover, major depression increases vulnerability to HIV infection by provoking high-risk behaviors, and it interferes with a patient's ability to comply with protocols for the prevention and treatment of HIV infection. HIV infection itself can disguise, help initiate, or exacerbate major depression. In this report, the interrelation between major depression and HIV infection is evaluated, the impact of this interrelation on adherence to HAART is described, and methods for effective treatment of psychiatric conditions in HIV-infected persons are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume45
Issue numberSUPPL. 4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2007

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Virus Diseases
Psychiatry
HIV
Depression
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Therapeutics
Aptitude
Clinical Protocols
Risk-Taking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Interrelation between psychiatric disorders and the prevention and treatment of HIV infection",
abstract = "Psychiatric disorders, particularly major depression, have a profound affect on the use of and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Because some of the symptoms of HIV infection are similar to those of major depression, efforts to diagnose and treat major depression are further complicated. Moreover, major depression increases vulnerability to HIV infection by provoking high-risk behaviors, and it interferes with a patient's ability to comply with protocols for the prevention and treatment of HIV infection. HIV infection itself can disguise, help initiate, or exacerbate major depression. In this report, the interrelation between major depression and HIV infection is evaluated, the impact of this interrelation on adherence to HAART is described, and methods for effective treatment of psychiatric conditions in HIV-infected persons are discussed.",
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AB - Psychiatric disorders, particularly major depression, have a profound affect on the use of and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Because some of the symptoms of HIV infection are similar to those of major depression, efforts to diagnose and treat major depression are further complicated. Moreover, major depression increases vulnerability to HIV infection by provoking high-risk behaviors, and it interferes with a patient's ability to comply with protocols for the prevention and treatment of HIV infection. HIV infection itself can disguise, help initiate, or exacerbate major depression. In this report, the interrelation between major depression and HIV infection is evaluated, the impact of this interrelation on adherence to HAART is described, and methods for effective treatment of psychiatric conditions in HIV-infected persons are discussed.

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