Interphase cytogenetics for 1p19q and t(1;19)(q10;p10) may distinguish prognostically relevant subgroups in extraventricular neurocytoma

Fausto J. Rodriguez, Renan A. Mota, Bernd W. Scheithauer, Caterina Giannini, Hilary Blair, Kent C. New, Kevin J. Wu, Dennis W. Dickson, Robert B. Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Co-deletion of chromosome arms 1p and 19q, characteristic of oligodendroglial tumors, was recently found to be mediated by t(1;19)(q10;p10). To evaluate the prevalence of 1p19q co-deletion and t(1;19) in extraventricular neurocytomas (EVN), we studied tumors from 23 patients, including 13 females and 10 males (median age at diagnosis 34 years, range 2-76 years). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies were performed with probes targeting 1p36/1q25 and 19q13/19p13 to assess for 1p19q co-deletion, as well as chromosome 1 α-satellite and 19p12 to detect t(1;19)(q10;p10). FISH was successful in 21 (91%) cases and demonstrated 1p19q co-deletion in five cases (24%) or isolated 1p loss in two cases (10%). Evidence for t(1;19) was found in four (of five) cases with 1p19q co-deletion. Three tumors with 1p19q loss and t(1;19) demonstrated atypical histologic features, compared with one (of 17) tumors without 1p19q co-deletion (P = 0.01, Fisher exact test). In addition, tumors with t(1;19) showed increased mitotic activity compared with tumors without t(1;19) (P = 0.045; Wilcoxon rank sum test). The four patients with t(1;19) developed tumor recurrence (n = 3), or expired (n = 2) 3.5 to 5.5 years after first resection. These results suggest that 1p19q loss and t(1;19) occur in a subset of EVN, and may be associated with aggressive histology in these tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-629
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Pathology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Keywords

  • 1p19q
  • FISH
  • Neurocytoma
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • T(1;19)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Rodriguez, F. J., Mota, R. A., Scheithauer, B. W., Giannini, C., Blair, H., New, K. C., Wu, K. J., Dickson, D. W., & Jenkins, R. B. (2009). Interphase cytogenetics for 1p19q and t(1;19)(q10;p10) may distinguish prognostically relevant subgroups in extraventricular neurocytoma. Brain Pathology, 19(4), 623-629. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3639.2008.00206.x