International validation of the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk score for secondary prevention in post-mi patients: A collaborative analysis of the chronic kidney disease prognosis consortium and the risk validation scientific committee

Yejin Mok, Shoshana H. Ballew, Lori D. Bash, Deepak L. Bhatt, William E. Boden, Marc P. Bonaca, Juan Jesus Carrero, Josef Coresh, Ralph B. D’Agostino, C. Raina Elley, F. Gerry R. Fowkes, Sun Ha Jee, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Girish Nadkarni, Eric D. Peterson, Yingying Sang, Kunihiro Matsushita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background—The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS2°P), a 0-to-9-point system based on the presence/absence of 9 clinical factors, was developed to classify the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (a composite of cardiovascular death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke) among patients with a recent myocardial infarction. Its performance has not been examined internationally outside of a clinical trial setting. Methods and Results—We evaluated the performance of TRS2°P for predicting MACE in 53 599 patients with recent myocardial infarction in 5 international cohorts from New Zealand, South Korea, Sweden, and the United States participating in the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium. Overall, there were 19 444 cases of MACE across 5 cohorts over a mean follow-up of 5 years, and the overall MACE rate ranged from 5.0 to 18.4 (per 100 person-years). The TRS2°P showed modest calibration (Brier score ranged from 0.144 to 0.173) and discrimination (C-statistics >0.61 in all studies except 1 from Korea with 0.55) across cohorts relative to its original Brier score of 0.098 and C-statistic of 0.67 in the derived data set. Although there was some heterogeneity across cohorts, the 9 predictors in the TRS2°P were generally associated with higher MACE risk, with strongest associations observed (meta-analyzed adjusted hazard ratio 1.6–1.7) for history of heart failure, age ≥75 years, and prior stroke, followed by peripheral artery disease, kidney dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension (hazard ratio 1.3–1.4). Prior coronary bypass graft surgery and smoking did not reach statistical significance (hazard ratio ≈ 1.1). Conclusions—TRS2°P, a simple scoring system with 9 routine clinical factors, was modestly predictive of secondary events when applied in patients with recent myocardial infarction from diverse clinical and geographic settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere008426
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume7
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Secondary prevention
  • Validati

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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