International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia: Design, rationale, and preliminary results

Jiang He, Bruce Neal, Dongfeng Gu, Paibul Suriyawongpaisal, Xue Xin, Robert Reynolds, Stephen MacMahon, Paul K. Whelton, Dale Glasser, Rajiv Patni, Xin Hua Zhang, Lydia A. Bazzano, Jing Chen, Paul Muntner, Kristi Reynolds, Neil Chapman, Mark Woodward, Xigui Wu, Wenqi Gan, Shaoyong SuDonghai Liu, Xiufang Duan, Guangyong Huang, Yifeng Ma, Xiu Liu, Zhongqi Tian, Xiaofei Wang, Guangyong Fan, Jiaqiang Wang, Changlin Qiu, Ling Yu, Xiaodong Pu, Xinsheng Bai, Linsen Li, Wei Wu, Lihua Xu, Jing Liu, Yuzhi Jiang, Yuhua Lan, Lijiang Huang, Huaifeng Yin, Xianping Wu, Ying Deng, Jun He, Ningmei Zhang, Xiaoyan Yang, Xiangfu Chen, Renmin Wei, Xingzhong Liu, Huaiyu Ruan, Ming Li, Changqing Zhang, Naying Chen, Xiaoyu Meng, Fangqing Wei, Yongfang Xu, Tianyi Wu, Jianjiang Ji, Chaoxiu Shi, Ping Yang, Ligui Wang, Yuzhi Hu, Li Yan, Yanjuan Wang, Cailiang Yao, Liangcai Ma, Jun Zhang, Mingao Xu, Zhengyuan Zhou, Jianjun Mu, Zhexun Wang, Huicang Li, Zirui Zhao, Sayan Cheepudomwit Porntip Loelekla, Piyamitr Srithara, Poolsook Sariyaporn, Pairao Pongchoke, Somboon Jaiyavat, Charermsri Nantawan, Vachira Kasikoson, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Penprapa Siviroj, Jiraporn Suwanteerangkul, Pyatat Tasanavivat, Pattapong Kessomboon, Sujinan Horas, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Tada Yipintsoi, Nualta Apakupakul, Walla Jirathamopas, Woravut Jintapakorn, Vongsvat Kosulwat, Atitada Boonpraderm, Amornrat Wongchanapai, Chayanist Wanijjakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The overall objective of the international Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA) was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, obesity, cigarette smoking, and physical inactivity, in the general population of both China and Thailand. Methods and Results: A multistage cluster sampling method was used to select a nationally representative sample of 15,838 adults, aged 35-74 years, in China, and 5,350 similarly aged adults in Thailand. Data on medical history, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity, and awareness and control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease, were collected. Blood pressure, body weight and height, and hip and waist circumferences, were measured using standard methods. Fasting blood specimens were collected to measure levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, and creatinine. All data were carefully collected by specially trained, experienced observers using standardized methods and a stringent level of quality control. The prevalence of self-reported cardiovascular disease in Chinese adults aged 35-74 years was 3.3% in men and 3.6% in women (representing 8,147,000 male and 8,270,000 female cases nationally). The prevalence of self-reported cardiovascular disease in Thai adults was 1.5% in men and 1.7% in women (representing 184,000 male and 226,000 female cases). Conclusions: The InterASIA study provides important information on the current prevalence and control of both cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in the region. These findings will be useful for developing national strategies to reduce the large, and increasing, burden of cardiovascular disease in China and Thailand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-268
Number of pages9
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2004

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease risk factors
  • China
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Lipids
  • Stroke
  • Thailand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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  • Cite this

    He, J., Neal, B., Gu, D., Suriyawongpaisal, P., Xin, X., Reynolds, R., MacMahon, S., Whelton, P. K., Glasser, D., Patni, R., Zhang, X. H., Bazzano, L. A., Chen, J., Muntner, P., Reynolds, K., Chapman, N., Woodward, M., Wu, X., Gan, W., ... Wanijjakul, C. (2004). International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia: Design, rationale, and preliminary results. Ethnicity and Disease, 14(2), 260-268.