Intermittent hypoxia induces hyperlipidemia in lean mice

Jianguo Li, Laura N. Thorne, Naresh M. Punjabi, Cheuk Kwan Sun, Alan R. Schwartz, Philip L. Smith, Rafael L. Marino, Annabelle Rodriguez, Walter C. Hubbard, Christopher P. O'Donnell, Vsevolod Y. Polotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea, a syndrome leading to recurrent intermittent hypoxia (IH), has been associated previously with hypercholesterolemia, independent of underlying obesity. We examined the effects of experimentally induced IH on serum lipid levels and pathways of lipid metabolism in the absence and presence of obesity. Lean C57BL/6J mice and leptin-deficient obese C57BL/6J-Lep ob mice were exposed to IH for five days to determine changes in serum lipid profile, liver lipid content, and expression of key hepatic genes of lipid metabolism. In lean mice, exposure to IH increased fasting serum levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, phospholipids (PLs), and triglycerides (TGs), as well as liver TG content. These changes were not observed in obese mice, which had hyperlipidemia and fatty liver at baseline. In lean mice, IH increased sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) levels in the liver, increased mRNA and protein levels of stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD-1), an important gene of TG and PL biosynthesis controlled by SREBP-1, and increased monounsaturated fatty acid content in serum, which indicated augmented SCD-1 activity. In addition, in lean mice, IH decreased protein levels of scavenger receptor B1, regulating uptake of cholesterol esters and HDL by the liver. We conclude that exposure to IH for five days increases serum cholesterol and PL levels, upregulates pathways of TG and PL biosynthesis, and inhibits pathways of cholesterol uptake in the liver in the lean state but does not exacerbate the pre-existing hyperlipidemia and metabolic disturbances in leptin-deficient obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)698-706
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation research
Volume97
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2005

Keywords

  • Cholesterol homeostasis
  • Gene expression
  • Hypoxia
  • Lipids
  • Mouse
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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