We have previously shown a critical role for IFN regulatory factor 5 (IRF-5) in the innate immune response to virus infection. For the first time, we now show that although IRF-5 is a direct target of p53, its cell cycle regulatory and proapoptotic effects are p53 independent. IRF-5 inhibits both in vitro and in vivo B-cell lymphoma tumor growth in the absence of wild-type p53. The molecular mechanism(s) of IRF-5-mediated growth inhibition is associated with a G2-M cell cycle arrest and modulation of growth regulatory and proapoptotic genes, including p21, Bak, DAP kinase 2, and Bax. Taken together, these data indicate that although IRF-5 is a downstream target of p53, its growth inhibitory and proapoptotic effects are independent of p53.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research