Interferon consensus sequence-binding protein, a member of the interferon regulatory factor family, suppresses interferon-induced gene transcription

N. Nelson, M. S. Marks, P. H. Driggers, K. Ozato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We previously isolated a cDNA clone encoding interferon consensus sequence-binding protein (ICSBP), a member of the interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family, that binds to the interferon (IFN)-stimulated response element (ISRE) of many IFN-regulated genes. In this investigation, we studied the functional role of ICSBP by transient cotransfection of ICSBP cDNA with IFN-responsive reporter genes into the human embryonal carcinoma cell line N- Tera2. These cells were shown not to express ICSBP or IRF-2, thus allowing functional analysis of transfected cDNAs. Cotransfection of ICSBP into cells treated with retinoic acid or any of the IFNs (α, β, or γ) repressed expression of a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter driven by the major histocompatibility complex class I gene promoter. Similarly, ICSBP repressed expression of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporters driven by the ISREs of the 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase, guanylate-binding protein, and ISG-15 genes in IFN-treated cells. The repression was dependent on the presence of the ISRE in the reporter. Deletion analysis showed that the putative N-terminal DNA binding domain of ICSBP by itself is capable of mediating the repression. Using the same cotransfection conditions as for ICSBP, a similar repression of these reporters was observed with IRF-2. Finally, ICSBP repressed the IRF-1-mediated induction of major histocompatibility complex class I and IFN-β reporters in the absence of IFN or retinoic acid. Taken together, these results suggest that ICSBP is a negative regulatory factor capable of repressing transcription of target genes induced by IFN, retinoic acid, or IRF-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)588-599
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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