Interdisciplinary pediatric aerodigestive care and reduction in health care costs and burden

Joseph M. Collaco, Angela D. Aherrera, Karla J. Au Yeung, Maureen A. Lefton-Greif, Jeannine Hoch, Margaret L. Skinner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

IMPORTANCE: Children with complex respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders frequently require care from multiple pediatric subspecialists. Interdisciplinary pediatric aerodigestive clinic centers have been established at several pediatric tertiary care centers in the United States. Their effectiveness is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an interdisciplinary approach to pediatric aerodigestive disorders reduces health care costs and burden. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective medical record review for the first 125 unique pediatric patients (median age, 1.51 years) seen at the Pediatric Aerodigestive Center (PAC) for aerodigestive disorders between June 2010 and August 2013 for a total of 163 outpatient clinical encounters. The PAC is an academic pediatric tertiary care center where specialists in gastroenterology, otolaryngology, pulmonology, and speech-language pathology provide interdisciplinary evaluation during a single clinic encounter and combined operative management when indicated. INTERVENTIONS: Interdisciplinary evaluation and treatment of pediatric aerodigestive disorders. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Number of operative procedures and estimated hospital charges related to combining clinic encounters and operative procedures. RESULTS: During the initial visit, each of the 125 patients received a mean (SD) of 2.9 (0.8) of a potential 4 services. Estimating per-encounter visit costs for gas, parking, and facility fees, we found that the average cost savings per family per PAC visit was $182. Evaluation under anesthesia was recommended for 85 patients (68%), resulting in 267 operative procedures performed by participating services during 158 encounters with general anesthesia. Thus, 109 episodes of anesthesia were avoided (41% reduction), reducing the risks of anesthesia and related care costs ($1985 per avoided episode). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Coordination of interdisciplinary care in the PAC resulted in a reduction of hospital charges realized through reduction in clinic- and anesthesia-related visits. Reductions in episodes of anesthesia may also reduce neurocognitive risks associated with multiple anesthetic exposures. Other nontangible benefits associated with the coordination of care, such as caregiver satisfaction, warrant further study..

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-105
Number of pages5
JournalJAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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