Interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation of pediatric pain-associated disability: Retrospective review of an inpatient treatment protocol

Cynthia S. Maynard, Adrianna Amari, Beth Wieczorek, James R. Christensen, Keith J. Slifer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective A biopsychosocial model was used to treat pain-associated disability in children and adolescents. We assessed the clinical outcomes of children and adolescents (8-21 years of age) with pain-associated disability who were treated in an interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation program which included physical, occupational, and recreational therapy, medicine, nursing, pediatric psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, social work, and education. Psychological treatment emphasized cognitive-behavioral intervention for pain and anxiety management, and behavioral shaping to increase functioning. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of 41consecutive patients. School attendance, sleep, and medication usage were assessed at admission and discharge; functional disability and physical mobility were assessed at admission, discharge, and 3-month follow-up. Results As a group, significant improvements were observed in school status, sleep, functional ability, physical mobility, and medication usage. Conclusion Findings support the efficacy of an inpatient interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation approach to the treatment of pain-associated disability in pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-137
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

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Clinical Protocols
Inpatients
Rehabilitation
Pediatrics
Pain
Sleep
Recreation Therapy
Child Psychology
Neuropsychology
Occupational Therapy
Pain Management
Social Work
Psychiatry
Nursing
Anxiety
Medicine
Psychology
Education

Keywords

  • Chronic pain
  • Functional disability
  • Interdisciplinary rehabilitation, pain-associated disability
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation of pediatric pain-associated disability: Retrospective review of an inpatient treatment protocol",
abstract = "Objective A biopsychosocial model was used to treat pain-associated disability in children and adolescents. We assessed the clinical outcomes of children and adolescents (8-21 years of age) with pain-associated disability who were treated in an interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation program which included physical, occupational, and recreational therapy, medicine, nursing, pediatric psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, social work, and education. Psychological treatment emphasized cognitive-behavioral intervention for pain and anxiety management, and behavioral shaping to increase functioning. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of 41consecutive patients. School attendance, sleep, and medication usage were assessed at admission and discharge; functional disability and physical mobility were assessed at admission, discharge, and 3-month follow-up. Results As a group, significant improvements were observed in school status, sleep, functional ability, physical mobility, and medication usage. Conclusion Findings support the efficacy of an inpatient interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation approach to the treatment of pain-associated disability in pediatric patients.",
keywords = "Chronic pain, Functional disability, Interdisciplinary rehabilitation, pain-associated disability, Pediatric",
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AU - Christensen,James R.

AU - Slifer,Keith J.

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N2 - Objective A biopsychosocial model was used to treat pain-associated disability in children and adolescents. We assessed the clinical outcomes of children and adolescents (8-21 years of age) with pain-associated disability who were treated in an interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation program which included physical, occupational, and recreational therapy, medicine, nursing, pediatric psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, social work, and education. Psychological treatment emphasized cognitive-behavioral intervention for pain and anxiety management, and behavioral shaping to increase functioning. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of 41consecutive patients. School attendance, sleep, and medication usage were assessed at admission and discharge; functional disability and physical mobility were assessed at admission, discharge, and 3-month follow-up. Results As a group, significant improvements were observed in school status, sleep, functional ability, physical mobility, and medication usage. Conclusion Findings support the efficacy of an inpatient interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation approach to the treatment of pain-associated disability in pediatric patients.

AB - Objective A biopsychosocial model was used to treat pain-associated disability in children and adolescents. We assessed the clinical outcomes of children and adolescents (8-21 years of age) with pain-associated disability who were treated in an interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation program which included physical, occupational, and recreational therapy, medicine, nursing, pediatric psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, social work, and education. Psychological treatment emphasized cognitive-behavioral intervention for pain and anxiety management, and behavioral shaping to increase functioning. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review of 41consecutive patients. School attendance, sleep, and medication usage were assessed at admission and discharge; functional disability and physical mobility were assessed at admission, discharge, and 3-month follow-up. Results As a group, significant improvements were observed in school status, sleep, functional ability, physical mobility, and medication usage. Conclusion Findings support the efficacy of an inpatient interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation approach to the treatment of pain-associated disability in pediatric patients.

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