Interactions of community nutritional status and xerophthalmia in Indonesia

I. Tarwotjo, R. Tilden, S. Pettiss, A. Sommer, S. Soedibjo, G. Hussaini, J. S. Sulistijo, H. Nendrawati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In order to determine which community level factors best explain the variation in the prevalence of xerophthalmia, an analysis was done on risk factors of xerophthalmia from the Indonesian Nutritional Blindness Study (1976 to 1979). Because of the common belief that xerophthalmia is closely linked to malnutrition, and the fact that within the study itself, it was demonstrated that children with xerophthalmia had a much higher prevalence of malnutrition than normal children, the relationship between the prevalence of malnutrition and the prevalence of xerophthalmia was explored. Using two different statistical approaches the prevalence of malnutrition within a community could not be demonstrated to be a good predictor of the prevalence of xerophthalmia within that community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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