Interaction of carotid sinus and aortic arch reflex control of total peripheral resistance was studied in eight dogs anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital and placed on constant flow cardiac bypass. Carotid sinus and aortic arch baroreceptor areas were isolated and separately perfused at controlled pressures. Combinations of carotid sinus and aortic arch pressures were delivered at random in steps of 25 mm Hg over the 50-225 mm Hg pressure range, and systemic arterial pressure was measured. Changes in arterial pressure reflected changes in total peripheral resistance. A multiple linear regression showed that both carotid sinus and aortic arch pressures exhibited a sigmoidal relationship with arterial pressure. Independent of carotid and aortic baroreceptor pressures, arterial pressure was found to be a periodic function of time (period = 2 hours) in all dogs. The average carotid sinus reflex open loop gain was found to be 0.231 ± 0.092, while average aortic arch open loop gain was 0.141 ± 0.088. The gain of either the carotid sinus or aortic arch reflex was not influenced by the absolute pressure level of the other receptor area. In a separate series of experiments performed in the same dogs, we tested the hypothesis that a nonlinear temporal summation of the reflex control of total peripheral resistance might exist when the inputs to carotid and aortic baroreceptors are changed simultaneously. With both inputs held at the region of maximum gain, 25 mm Hg step changes were imposed first on carotid sinus pressure, then on aortic arch pressure, and then on both simultaneously. A temporal inhibition of the two reflexes showed that simultaneous excitation of both receptors resulted in a smaller reflex response than the sum of individual responses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine