Sixty-two patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin's disease and a median age of 12 years (range, 3 to 22 years) were treated with four cycles of mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (MOPP) alternating with four cycles of doxorubicin, vinblastine, bleomycin, and dacarbazine (ABVD) followed by low-dose radiotherapy (RT). We determined the feasibility, immediate safety, and rapidity of response of patients to this regimen, as well as the relationship between prognostic factors and the rate of complete remission (CR), event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival. Therapy was well tolerated, and the major toxicity was hematopoietic. At the end of chemotherapy, 54 of 62 patients (87%) were in CR by clinical restaging, with a biopsy of residual disease where necessary. The actuarial 3-year EFS is 77% (SE, 11 %), with a median follow-up of 35 months, and the survival is 91% (SE, 7%). With respect to EFS, female patients and those with stage II or III disease fared statistically better than males and patients with stage IV disease, respectively. Six patients have died: three of progressive Hodgkin's disease, one of secondary acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), one of secondary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and one of over-whelming bacterial sepsis. The Pediatric Oncology Group (POG) is currently engaged in a randomized study of these eight cycles of chemotherapy with and without RT to assess the role of RT in achieving comparable results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research