Integrins are integral membrane proteins that mediate adhesive interactions of cells with the extracellular matrix and with other cells. Integrin engagement results in activation of intracellular signaling cascades that effect several different cellular responses including motility, proliferation and survival. Although integrins are known to provide cell survival signaling in various types of non-neuronal cells, the possibility that integrins modulate neuron survival has not been explored. We now report data demonstrating a neuroprotective function of integrins in embryonic hippocampal neurons. Neurons grown on laminin, an integrin ligand, exhibit increased resistance to glutamate-induced apoptosis compared with neurons grown on polylysine. Neurons expressed integrin β1 and treatment of cultures with an antibody against integrin β1 abolished the protective effect of laminin. Neurons maintained on laminin exhibited a sustained activation of the Akt signaling pathway demonstrated in immunoblot analyses using an antibody that selectively recognizes phosphorylated Akt. The neuroprotective effect of integrin engagement by laminin was mimicked by an IKLLI-containing integrin-binding peptide and was abolished by treatment of neurons with the PI3 kinase inhibitor wortmanin. Levels of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 were increased in neurons grown on laminin and decreased by wortmanin, suggesting a mechanism for the neuroprotective effect of integrin-mediated signaling. The ability of integrin-mediated signaling to prevent glutamate-induced apoptosis suggests a mechanism whereby neuron-substrate interactions can promote neuron survival under conditions of glutamate receptor overactivation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience