Integrating school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports with tier 2 coaching to student support teams: The PBISplus model

Catherine P. Bradshaw, Elise T. Pas, Asha Goldweber, Michael S. Rosenberg, Philip J. Leaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Schools continue to display an interest in, and efficiency with, the implementation of the universal level of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), but often struggle to integrate tier 2 supports to address the needs of students at risk for behavioural or academic difficulties. School practitioners and researchers are increasingly interested in optimizing programme implementation through coaching and integrating supports at the more advanced tiers of PBIS. The current paper describes one such model, called PBISplus, which builds on the multi-tiered PBIS model by providing tailored training in the implementation of functional behavioural assessments, the student support teaming process, cultural proficiency, and evidencebased practices (e.g. Check-In/Check-Out) by a tier 2 coach. After describing the process for integrating these core elements with the universal PBIS model and the coaching model developed to facilitate that process, we summarize preliminary findings from a three-year group-randomized controlled trial of the PBISplus model in 42 Maryland elementary schools. Significant effects were observed on teacher efficacy and student outcomes, including rates of special education service use and teacherreported academic performance. Implications for future research aimed at integrating programmes within the three-tiered PBIS framework are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-193
Number of pages17
JournalAdvances in School Mental Health Promotion
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Coaching
  • Evidence-based practices
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • School-wide PBIS
  • Tier 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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