Introduction: Accurate estimation of stone fragment size during ureteroscopic lithotripsy procedures facilitates operative efficiency and predicts the safety of fragment extraction or spontaneous passage. Using a novel stone measurement software application, this study assesses the feasibility of performing integrated real-time digital stone measurement during ureteroscopy. Methods: This workflow feasibility study was conducted in two phases. First, in the ex vivo simulation, mock stone fragments were placed in a renal collecting system training model. A basket extraction task was performed using a digital ureteroscope, with and without digital stone measurement. The time required to perform the tasks was recorded and compared. Second, in the in vivo workflow trial, adult patients undergoing ureteroscopic stone procedures were prospectively enrolled. Intraoperative measurements of stone fragments were performed to determine the time required to complete the measurements. Technical failures and perioperative complications were recorded. Results: In the ex vivo simulation, 20 mock stones mimicking varied fragmentation conditions were tested in the training model. The mean completion time of the basketing task without vs with digital stone measurement was 16.5 seconds (range 10.2-33.7) vs 38.9 seconds (range 27.2-60.0). Mean additional time required to measure stones was 22.3 seconds (range 8.4-42.7). In the in vivo workflow trial, nine patients undergoing ureteroscopy were enrolled. A median of five fragments (range 3-10) were measured in each patient. Mean completion time for each measurement was 10.1 seconds (range 8.2-12.8). Mean total time required to perform digital measurement per procedure was 50.8 seconds (range 25.9-99.0). No technical failures or clinical complications were observed. Conclusions: Integrating real-time digital stone measurement during ureteroscopy is safe and feasible. The findings support clinical trials of digital stone measurement to enhance intraoperative decision-making during ureteroscopy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas