Integrated Management of Childhood Illness: Efficiency of primary health in Northeast Brazil

Débora G. Amorim, Taghreed Adam, João J.F. Amaral, Eleanor Gouws, Jennifer Bryce, Cesar G. Victora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness is a strategy designed to address major causes of child mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the strategy on the quality of child health care provided at primary facilities. Methods: Child health quality of care and costs were compared in four states in Northeastern Brazil, in 2001. There were studied 48 health facilities considered to have had stable strategy implementation at least two years before the start of study, with 48 matched comparison facilities in the same states. A single measure of correct management of sick children was used to assess care provided to all sick children. Costs included all resources at the national, state, local and facility levels associated with child health care. Results: Facilities providing strategy-based care had significantly better management of sick children at no additional cost to municipalities relative to the comparison municipalities. At strategy facilities 72% of children were correctly managed compared with 56% in comparison facilities (p=0.001). The cost per child managed correctly was US$13.20 versus.US$21.05 in the strategy and comparison municipalities, respectively, after standardization for population size. Conclusions: The strategy improves the efficiency of primary facilities in Northeastern Brazil. It leads to better health outcomes at no extra cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalRevista de saude publica
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Child Health Services organization & administration
  • Child welfare
  • Comprehensive health care
  • Health care costs
  • Quality of health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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