Insights into the Replisome from the Structure of a Ternary Complex of the DNA Polymerase III α-Subunit

Richard A. Wing, Scott Bailey, Thomas A. Steitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The crystal structure of the catalytic α-subunit of the DNA polymerase III (PolIIIα) holoenzyme bound to primer-template DNA and an incoming deoxy-nucleoside 5′-triphosphate has been determined at 4.6-Å resolution. The polymerase interacts with the sugar-phosphate backbone of the DNA across its minor groove, which is made possible by significant movements of the thumb, finger, and β-binding domains relative to their orientations in the unliganded polymerase structure. Additionally, the DNA and incoming nucleotide are bound to the active site of PolIIIα nearly identically as they are in their complex with DNA polymerase β, thereby proving that the eubacterial replicating polymerase, but not the eukaryotic replicating polymerase, is homologous to DNA polymerase β. Finally, superimposing a recent structure of the clamp bound to DNA on this PolIIIα complex with DNA places a loop of the β-binding domain into the appropriate clamp cleft and supports a mechanism of polymerase switching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-869
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of molecular biology
Volume382
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA polymerase III
  • OB-fold
  • eubacterial DNA replication
  • nucleotidyltransferase
  • ternary complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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