Insights into the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria in Ghana: The role of caregivers and licensed chemical sellers in four regions

Andrew A. Adjei, Peter John Winch, Amos Laar, David J Sullivan, Kwame S. Sakyi, Judith K. Stephens, George O. Adjei, Isaac A. Boateng, Vivian N Ama Aubyn, Chrysantus Kubio, Julliette Tuakli, Linda Vanotoo, Bernard B. Bortei, Maame Amo-Addae, Felix Sorvor, Nathaniel Coleman, Sarah Dalglish, Richmond Owusu, Tsega Gebreyesus, Edward EssumanRebecca Greene, Ezekiel Ankomah, Kiely Houston, Constance Bart-Plange, Samuel Salamat, Ebenezer A. Addison, Isabella A. Quakyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The Affordable Medicine Facility-malaria (AMFm) was an innovative global financing mechanism for the provision of quality-assured artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) across both the private and public health sectors in eight countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This study evaluated the effectiveness of AMFm subsidies in increasing access to ACT in Ghana and documented malaria management practices at the household and community levels during the implementation of the AMFm. Methods: This study, conducted in four regions in Ghana between January, 2011 to December, 2012, employed cross-sectional mixed-methods design that included qualitative and quantitative elements, specifically household surveys, focus group discussions (FGD) and in-depth interviews. Results: The study indicated high ACT availability, adequate provider knowledge and reasonably low quality-assured ACT use in the study areas, all of which are a reflection of a high market share of ACT in these hard-to-reach areas of the country. Adequate recognition of childhood malaria symptoms by licensed chemical seller (LCS) attendants was observed. A preference by caregivers for LCS over health facilities for seeking treatment solutions to childhood malaria was found. Conclusions: Artemisinin-based combination therapy with the AMFm logo was accessible and affordable for most people seeking treatment from health facilities and LCS shops in rural areas. Caregivers and LCS were seen to play key roles in the health of the community especially with children under 5 years of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number263
JournalMalaria Journal
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2016

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Keywords

  • Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria
  • Artemisinin-based combination therapy
  • Caregivers
  • Licensed chemical sellers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

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