Groshong central line indwelling catheters are extensively used in gynecologic oncology patients for administration of chemotherapy, intravenous fluids, and pain medications. They are easy to maintain and have a good safety record. We report on the placement of these central venous catheters under direct fluoroscopic visualization as a method which is safe, inexpensive, and efficacious in high-risk patients. Fluoroscopic visualization during insertion provides several advantages: visualization of bony landmarks, placement of the guidewire into the subclavian vein and superior vena cava under direct visualization, and confirmation of appropriate distal placement of the Groshong catheter. Patient advantages include the following: (1) avoidance of unnecessary punctures to access the subclavian vein; (2) verification of guidewire placement to avoid cephalic placement; (3) passage of the guidewire only as far as the right atrium to avoid potential dysrrhythmias secondary to right ventricular irritation; and (4) a savings of approximately 60% over insertion in the general operating room. Thirty patients had placement under fluoroscopic visualization in the angiography suite of Georgetown University Hospital. The average age of the patients was 58 years (42-78). Sixteen patients had ovarian cancer, 6 had endometrial cancer, 5 had cervical cancer, and 3 had other gynecologic malignancies. Fifteen patients had catheters placed for chemotherapy, 14 for hydration, and 1 for pain control. Ten patients had had previous central venous catheters: 6 had been removed for infection, 2 for thrombus, 1 for completion of chemotherapy, and 1 for catheter kinkage. All 10 with previous catheters had successful placement of catheters in the angiography suite. Complications from insertion were minimal with one asymptomatic pneumothorax and one proximal port in an extravascular position. We present the technique of fluoroscopic insertion of Groshong catheters which is an effective method of placement in high-risk patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology