Inpatient morbidity and mortality after adult spinal deformity surgery in teaching versus nonteaching hospitals

Rafael De La Garza-Ramos, Amit Jain, Khaled M. Kebaish, Ali Bydon, Peter G. Passias, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The goal of this study was to compare inpatient morbidity and mortality after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery in teaching versus nonteaching hospitals in the US. Methods The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify surgical patients with ASD between 2002 and 2011. Only patients > 21 years old and elective cases were included. Patient characteristics, inpatient morbidity, and inpatient mortality were compared between teaching and nonteaching hospitals. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the effect of hospital teaching status on surgical outcomes. Resu lts A total of 7603 patients were identified, with 61.2% (n = 4650) in the teaching hospital group and 38.8% (n = 2953) in the nonteaching hospital group. The proportion of patients undergoing revision procedures was significantly different between groups (5.2% in teaching hospitals vs 3.9% in nonteaching hospitals, p = 0.008). Likewise, complex procedures (defined as fusion of 8 or more segments and/or osteotomy) were more common in teaching hospitals (27.3% vs 21.7%, p < 0.001). Crude overall complication rates were similar in teaching hospitals (47.9%) compared with nonteaching hospitals (49.8%, p = 0.114). After controlling for patient characteristics, case complexity, and revision status, patients treated at teaching hospitals were significantly less likely to develop a complication when compared with patients treated at a nonteaching hospital (OR 0.89; 95% CI 0.82-0.98). The mortality rate was 0.4% in teaching hospitals and < 0.4% in nonteaching hospitals (p = 0.210). Conclus ions Patients who undergo surgery for ASD at a teaching hospital may have significantly lower odds of complication development compared with patients treated at a nonteaching hospital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Adult spinal deformity
  • Complications
  • Mortality
  • Nationwide Inpatient Sample
  • Teaching hospital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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