Inositol hexakisphosphate kinase-3 regulates the morphology and synapse formation of cerebellar purkinje cells via spectrin/adducin

Chenglai Fu, Jing Xu, Ruo Jing Li, Xjoshua A. Crawford, A. Basit Khan, Ting Martin Ma, Jiyoung Y. Cha, Adele M. Snowman, Mikhail V. Pletnikov, Solomon H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The inositol hexakisphosphate kinases (IP6Ks) are the principal enzymes that generate inositol pyrophosphates. There are three IP6Ks (IP6K1, 2, and 3). Functions of IP6K1 and IP6K2 have been substantially delineated, but little is known of IP6K3’s role in normal physiology, especially in the brain. To elucidate functions of IP6K3, we generated mice with targeted deletion of IP6K3. We demonstrate that IP6K3 is highly concentrated in the brain in cerebellar Purkinje cells. IP6K3 physiologically binds to the cytoskeletal proteins adducin and spectrin, whose mutual interactions are perturbed in IP6K3-null mutants. Consequently, IP6K3 knock-out cerebella manifest abnormalities in Purkinje cell structure and synapse number, and the mutant mice display deficits in motor learning and coordination. Thus, IP6K3 is a major determinant of cytoskeletal disposition and function of cerebellar Purkinje cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11056-11067
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume35
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2015

Keywords

  • Adducin
  • Cerebellar synapse
  • IP6K
  • Kinase independent
  • Purkinje cell
  • Spectrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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