Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. Localization in epithelial tissue

A. H. Sharp, S. H. Snyder, S. K. Nigam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using a polyclonal antiserum raised against the inositol 1,4,5- trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) purified from rat cerebellum, we examined the subcellular distribution of IP3R in canine pancreatic homogenates. IP3R was present primarily in a smooth microsomal fraction (low density), a (high density) rough microsomal (RM) fraction previously shown to consist of highly purified rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) vesicles, and, to a much lesser extent, in an intermediate density microsomal fraction which did not contain markers for RER or plasma membrane. When the RM fraction was subjected to isopycnic centrifugation on sucrose gradients, IP3R equilibrated at high sucrose densities. When ribosomes were extracted from the RM fraction by treatment with puromycin/high salt, IP3R equilibrated at considerably lighter sucrose densities. This shift in density indicated that IP3R which was present in the RM fraction is associated with the RER. Because of a significant amount of IP3R fractionating into the smooth microsomal fraction (which contains plasma membrane, among other 'smooth' membranes) and a considerable amount of IP3R present in the nuclear pellet which is also enriched in plasma membrane, we examined the possibility that IP3R may be present in plasma membrane. Further subfractionation of a crude plasma membrane pellet from rat liver revealed that IP3R coenriched with a plasma membrane marker and strongly suggested an association of IP3R with plasma membrane. The issue of why the same receptor is found in multiple biochemically and morphologically distinct membrane fractions is discussed in terms of the possibility of RER subcompartmentalization and IP3R subtypes. The fractionation pattern of IP3R in pancreas is significantly different from that previously reported for calcium (Ca2+)-binding proteins and an intracellular Ca-ATPase (Nigam, S. K. and Towers, T. (1990) J. Cell Biol. 111, 197-200), raising questions as to links between these latter proteins and IP3 sensitive Ca2+ pools. Nevertheless, although the fractionation patterns are different, all of these proteins are clearly associated with the RER.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7444-7449
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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