Inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptor: characterization of neuron-specific alternative splicing in rat brain and peripheral tissues

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Abstract

One source of diversity in the inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) is generated at the level of alternative splicing. Our previous studies of splice isoforms of the receptor in various tissues suggested that some tissues, specifically those containing neurons, selectively express a 40 amino acid insert located between 2 sites for phosphorylation by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), and that the presence of this insert changes the preferred site of phosphorylation of the receptor. Studies of the mouse receptor have also suggested the existence of intermediately spliced forms containing partial versions of the splice and exhibiting different brain distributions. In this study, we have investigated the alternative splicing of the rat receptor in greater detail using RNase protection and PCR analysis. We find little evidence for the existence of intermediately spliced forms in rat, raising the possibility that the degree of alternative splicing at this site differs in the brains of two very similar species. Our screen of tissue distribution supports the selectively neuronal expression of the long spliced form, and suggests that regulation of this receptor in neurons may be different than in other tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-216
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Volume17
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1993

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Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Calcium channel
  • Inositol lipid
  • Protein kinase A
  • Second messenger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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