Innate immune cell-derived microparticles facilitate hepatocarcinoma metastasis by transferring integrin αmβ2 to tumor cells

Jingwei Ma, Wenqian Cai, Yi Zhang, Chunmei Huang, Huafeng Zhang, Jing Liu, Ke Tang, Pingwei Xu, Foad Katirai, Jianmin Zhang, Wei He, Duyun Ye, Guan Xin Shen, Bo Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mechanisms by which tumor cells metastasize to distant organs still remain enigmatic. Immune cells have been assumed to be the root of metastasis by their fusing with tumor cells. This fusion theory, although interpreting tumor metastasis analogically and intriguingly, is arguable to date. We show in this study an alternative explanation by immune cell-derived microparticles (MPs). Upon stimulation by PMA or tumor cell-derived supernatants, immune cells released membrane-based MPs, which were taken up by H22 tumor cells, leading to tumor cell migration in vitro and metastasis in vivo. The underlying molecular basis was involved in integrin αMβ2 (CD11b/CD18), which could be effectively relayed from stimulated innate immune cells to MPs, then to tumor cells. Blocking either CD11b or CD18 led to significant decreases in MP-mediated tumor cell metastasis. This MP-mediated transfer of immune phenotype to tumor cells might also occur in vivo. These findings suggest that tumor cells may usurp innate immune cell phenotypes via MP pathway for their metastasis, providing new insight into tumor metastatic mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3453-3461
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume191
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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