Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) has been implicated in the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and several B-cell lymphoproliferative diseases. Serologic and molecular genetic association data has implicated HHV-8 as the causal agent of KS, but its role in the development of KS lesions is not understood. To examine the etiology of KS, HHV-8 was injected into normal human skin transplanted onto SCID mice. Injection of HHV-8 induced lesion formation that is morphologically and phenotypically consistent with KS, including the presence of angiogenesis and spindle-shaped cells latently infected with HHV-8. These findings suggest that HHV-8 is indeed the etiologic agent of KS, and that the virus plays an important role in initiation of this disease.
- Animal model
- Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus
- Viral pathogenesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas