Initial experience with a novel focused ultrasound ablation system for ring ablation outside the pulmonary vein

Glenn R. Meininger, Hugh Calkins, Lars Lickfett, Patrick Lopath, Todd Fjield, Robert Pacheco, Paul Harhen, E. Rene Rodriguez, Ronald Berger, Henry Halperin, Stephen B. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation has been shown to initiate from triggers within pulmonary veins. Several studies have documented that electrical isolation of those triggers can lead to maintenance of sinus rhythm. The complication of pulmonary vein stenosis has limited the utility of delivering ablation energy within the pulmonary vein. We utilize a focused ultrasound catheter ablation system for delivery of transmural ablation lines proximal to the pulmonary vein ostium. Methods: Nine dogs (weight 30-39 kg) were anesthetized and ventilated. Through a transseptal approach, pulmonary veins were engaged with the focused balloon ultrasound catheter. Ultrasound power was delivered at 40 acoustic watts outside the pulmonary vein ostium, focused 2 mm off the balloon surface, with a depth of approximately 6 mm, for 30-120 seconds. Following ablation, lesions were histopathologically analyzed. Results: Of nine animals studied, fourteen pulmonary veins were ablated. We found successful delivery of near circumferential and transmural ablation lines in 6/14 pulmonary veins. In each of the six circumferential ablations, successful alignment of the ultrasound transducer along the longitudinal axis of the parabolic balloon occurred. The final four ablations were conducted with an enhanced catheter design that assured axial alignment. Of these ablations, all four were circumferential. The remaining 8 pulmonary veins had incomplete delivery of lesions. In each of these veins the ultrasound transducer was misaligned with the balloon axis when therapy was delivered. Conclusion: Focused ultrasound ablation is a new means of performing pulmonary vein isolation. This method provides delivery of lesions outside the vein, limiting the risk of pulmonary vein stenosis for the treatment of atrial fibrillation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Pulmonary vein
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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