Initial chemotherapy followed by surgical cytoreduction for the treatment of stage III/IV epithelial ovarian cancer

Elise N. Everett, Amy E. French, Rebecca L. Stone, Lisa M. Pastore, Amir A. Jazaeri, Willie A. Andersen, Peyton T. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in morbidity, progression-free interval, and survival in women with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer treated with initial chemotherapy versus initial surgery. Study design: All women with epithelial ovarian cancer who were treated surgically at our hospital between January 1, 1995, and January 1, 2003, were eligible; the cases of 200 patients met the criteria and underwent retrospective chart review. Results: Ninety-eight patients (49%) had initial chemotherapy, and 102 patients (51%) had initial surgery. Patients who received initial chemotherapy were more likely to have stage IV disease (initial chemotherapy, 27%, vs initial surgery, 8%; P = .042) and grade 3 disease (initial chemotherapy, 73%, vs initial surgery, 61%; P = .025). Optimal cytoreduction was achieved more often in patients who received initial chemotherapy (initial chemotherapy, 86%, vs initial surgery, 54%; P < .001). Only optimal cytoreduction (P = .022), and not treatment choice (P = .089), had an impact on median survival. Conclusion: Initial chemotherapy is a reasonable alternative to initial surgery for the treatment of selected patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-574
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume195
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Cytoreduction
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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