PURPOSE: To determine whether the initial angiographic morphology and location of intracranial arterial occlusions in acute stroke are reliable predictors of success of thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three intracranial occlusions were studied in 32 patients who underwent intraarterial thrombolysis with urokinase within 6 hours from clinical onset of stroke symptoms. The initial angiographic appearance of each occlusion was categorized as cutoff, tapered, meniscus, tram-track, or tandem. Following thrombolysis, outcomes were classified as complete, partial, or no recanalization. RESULTS: Complete recanalization was accomplished in 17 of the 33 lesions, partial recanalization in nine, and no effect in seven. Tram-track (n = 3) and tapered (n = 7) lesions demonstrated the highest rates of at least partial recanalization (100% and 86%, respectively), whereas cutoff lesions (n = 13) demonstrated the lowest rate (69%). Intracranial hemorrhage was associated with higher doses of urokinase. Complete recanalization success rates were 60% for M1 lesions (n = 10), 43% for M2 or A2 lesions (n = 14), and 33% for M3 lesions (n = 3). Vertebrobasilar lesion (n = 5) success rates for complete and at least partial recanalization were 80% and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Relationships were found to exist between the success rate of recanalization and initial angiographic lesion location and morphology, which represent important trends; however, further studies with a larger sample size are needed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
- Brain, infarction
- Cerebral blood vessels, stenosis or obstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging