Inhibitory effects of intestinal electrical stimulation on food intake, weight loss and gastric emptying in rats

Jieyun Yin, Jing Zhang, Jiande D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim was to investigate the effects of intestinal electrical stimulation (IES) on food intake, body weight, and gastric emptying in rats. An experiment on food intake and weight change was performed in 22 rats on a control diet and 10 diet-induced obese (DIO) rats for 4 wk with IES or sham IES. The effect of IES on gastric emptying was performed in another 20 rats in the control group. We found that 1) in control rats, 4-wk IES resulted in a reduction of 18.2% in the total amount of food intake compared with sham-IES (P = 0.02); the rats treated with IES had a weight change of -1 ± 7.8g (P = 0.03), which was equivalent to a weight loss of 6.2% due to IES when adjusted for normal growing. 2) Acute IES delayed gastric emptying by 20% in the control rats (P < 0.01). 3) In the DIO rats, 1-wk IES with the same parameters as those used in the control rats resulted in a significant reduction in the total amount of food intake (126.6 ± 6.3 g vs. 116.9 ± 3.2 g, P < 0.01). More reduction in food intake was noted, and a significant weight change was also observed when stimulation energy was increased. 4) No adverse events were observed in any of the experiments. In conclusion, IES delays gastric emptying, reduces food intake, and decreases weight gain in control growing rats. These data suggest that it is worthy to explore therapeutic potentials of IES for obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R78-R82
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume293
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diet-induced obese rats
  • Gastrointestinal motility
  • Mechanism
  • Obesity
  • Stimulation parameter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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